NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS
Crosscutting Concepts: Patterns
Observed patterns in nature guide organization and classification, and prompt questions about relationships and the causes underlying them.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS2.A: Forces and Motion
For any pair of interacting objects, the force exerted by the first object on the second object is equal in strength to the force that the second object exerts on the first, but in the opposite direction (Newton’s Third Law).
PS2.A: Forces and Motion
All positions of objects and the directions of forces and motions must be described in an arbitrarily chosen reference frame and arbitrarily chosen units of size. In order to share information with other people, these choices must also be shared.
Science and Engineering Practices
Engaging in Argument from Evidence
Construct; use and present oral and written arguments supported by empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support or refute an explanation or a model for a phenomenon.
Scientific Knowledge is Based on Empirical Evidence.
Scientific knowledge is based on logical and conceptual connections between evidence and explanation.
COMMON CORE LEARNING STANDARDS
Range of Writing
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.WHST.6-8.10: Write routinely over extended timeframes (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.
English Language Arts: Writing
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.WHST.6-8.2: Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments or technical processes.
Text Types and Purposes
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.6,7,8.1: Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.WHST.6-8.2.D: Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
NEW YORK INTERMEDIATE SCIENCE STANDARDS
Standard 4: The Physical Setting
PS 5.1c: An object’s motion is the result of the combined effect of all forces acting on the object. A moving object that is not subjected to a force will continue to move at a constant speed in a straight line. An object at rest will remain at rest.
PS. 5.1a: The motion of an object is always judged with respect to some other object or point. The idea of absolute motion or rest is misleading.
PS. 5.1b: The motion of an object can be described by its position, direction or motion, and speed.
PS 5.1q: According to Newton’s Third Law, forces occur in action/ reaction pairs. When one object exerts a force on a second, the second exerts a force on the first that is equal in magnitude and opposite in direction.