The purpose of this activity is to help students connect their initial lived experiences and ideas to their new knowledge about how physicists talk about energy.
The writing component of this lesson is designed as a formative assessment to show what students have learned about energy during the unit. Students should show an improvement in their abilities to describe kinetic energy and potential energy.
NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS
Science and Engineering Practices
Engaging in Argument from Evidence
Construct, use and present oral and written arguments supported by empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support or refute an explanation or a model for a phenomenon.
Scientific Knowledge Is Based on Empirical Evidence
Scientific knowledge is based on logical and conceptual connections between evidence and explanation.
COMMON CORE LEARNING STANDARDS
Range of Writing
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.WHST.6-8.10: Write routinely over extended timeframes (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.
English Language Arts: Writing
CCS.ELA-LITERCY.WHST.6-8.2: Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments or technical processes.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.6,7,8.1: Write argument to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.WHST.6-8.2.D: Use precise language
and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
NEW YORK INTERMEDIATE SCIENCE STANDARDS
Standard 1: Analysis, Inquiry and Design Beyond the use of reasoning and consensus, scientific inquiry invoices the testing of proposed explanations involving the use of conventional techniques and procedures and usually requiring considerable ingenuity.
Standard 2: Information Systems
Information technology is used to retrieve, process and communicate information, and as a tool to enhance learning.
PS 4.1a: All energy transfers are governed by the law of conservation of energy.
PS 4.1c: Potential energy is the energy an object possesses by virtue of its position or condition.
PS 4.1d: Kinetic energy is the energy an object possesses by virtue of its motion.
PS. 4.1e: Energy can be considered to be either kinetic energy, which is the energy of motion, or potential energy, which depends on relative position.
• Speed is how fast an object is moving regardless of its direction.
• Kinetic energy (KE) is the energy of an object in motion.
• Potential energy (PE) is stored energy that an object has as a result of its vertical position.